Emil Rudolf Weiss (1875-1942)
The German Emil Weiss originally studied painting in Paris where one of his fellow students was Toulouse Lautrec. He had poetic ambitions and to his surprise, it was not his poetry that impressed a literary magazine but, to his chagrin, his handwriting. This led on to a long and distinguished career in calligraphy, typography, and design.
Though more or less self taught, he is regarded as one of the finest calligraphers ever. He was also greatly impressed with the ideals of William Morris. His most famous typeface is Weiss Fraktur which solved a long-standing problem - how to find a text book font for German which was readable.