The modern fonts Galliard and Plantin are based on types made by Robert Granjon. He started out as an apprentice to a goldsmith, then began punch cutting. He worked for Plantin in Paris and was the most notable type-cutter of the time. He attempted to introduce a rival to the italic. In 1557 he designed a gothic script called Civilité - a type based on current French handwriting. It became very popular in Holland but not in France.